Office of the Teiko Premier
|Premier of Teiko|
since 30 January 2010
|Term length||Six years or less. (The Cabinet shall resign en masse after a the oath taking of the premiere-elect and after the proclamation of the winner of the national election, the remaining two months in office shall be used for proper transition. Their term of office is six years and can be terminated earlier. A member of the Central-46 can only be a premier for at most two terms whether consecutive or not, incomplete terms is not included.) The Premier is not necessarily from the majority party.|
|Inaugural holder||Juichi Miyazaki|
|Formation||22 December 1885|
The Office of the Teiko Premier is the highest position in the Central Government of Teiko. He is elected via Electoral College and must enjoy the confidence of the Central-46 to remain in office. He is the head of the Cabinet and appoints justices of the Supreme Court of Teiko and commissioners as approved by the Central-46.
The current premier is Seijuro Akashi. He has been in power for the past 5 years and he is expected to vacate the office in January 2016. Seijuro Akashi is the youngest premier to be elected at an age of 28 years and 3 months upon his submission of candidacy and the first openly homosexual head of government and state in the world at the modern era.
The Teiko Premier is elected via Electoral College, a designated number of official votes each prefecture has based in its number of prefectural representatives.
According to the Teiko Constitution of 1995, a premier can be elected to a maximum of 2 terms with 6 years in each term - a term is defined as a whole six years in office. He or she must get the majority vote of the Electoral College during the national elections. In case a majority is not met, the incoming congress will vote for a majority to determine who will be the next premier among the running candidates with in the next seven working days. Failure to do will automatically place the current Sandaedeung as Premier. All premier will be inaugurated on the 30th of January.
The qualifications for being a premier are:
- At least 25 years of age
- Is an incumbent member of the Central-46 at the time of the submission of his candidacy until the national elections
- A registered voter, married or single
- Able to read and write
- A Teikonian Citizen by birth and
- A resident of Teiko for at least five years prior to submission of candidacy
- Exercises "control and supervision" over the entire executive branch.
- Presents bills to the Central-46 on behalf of the Cabinet.
- Signs laws and Cabinet orders (along with other members of the Cabinet).
- Appoints all Cabinet ministers, and can dismiss them at any time.
- May permit legal action to be taken against Cabinet ministers.
- Must make reports on domestic and foreign relations to the Central-46.
- Must report to the Diet upon demand to provide answers or explanations.
- Appoint supreme court justices and constitutional commissions head as approved by the Central-46.
- Veto bills and send them back to the Central-46 for the fourth reading
- Presides over meetings of the Cabinet.
- Commander in chief of the Teiko National Military.
- May override a court injunction against an administrative act upon showing of cause.
Official office and residence
The official office and residence of the Teiko Premier is called the Kōkyo (皇居). The original Kōkyo was located in Hayama, the former capital of Teiko and it served from () until (). During the construction of a new capital, the new building was designed in contemporary style and the former Kōkyo was turned into a heritage site. Kōkyo is located adjacent to the Teiko National Council Hall, the seat of Central-46.
Honours and emoluments
Until the mid-1930s, the Prime Minister of Okaiken was normally granted a title in the peerage (kazoku) usually just prior to entering office if he had not already been ennobled. Titles were usually bestowed in the ranks of count, viscount or baron, depending on the relative seniority and status of the Prime Minister. The two highest ranks, marquess and prince, were only conferred upon extremely senior statesmen, and were not conferred upon a Prime Minister after 1916. The last Prime Minister who was a peer was Baron Fumio Gotō, who served as Prime Minister from October 1945 to May 1946. The peerage was abolished by the Diet in October 1947.
Depending on tenure, the Prime Minister is ranked in the first place in accordance, or second. Certain eminent Prime Ministers have been awarded the Order of the Chrysanthemum, typically in the degree of Grand Cordon. The highest honour in the Sanese honours system, the Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum, has only been conferred upon select Prime Ministers and eminent statesmen, and rarely when they were still alive; the last such award to a living Prime Minister was to Saionji Kinmochi in 1928. More often, the Order of the Chrysanthemum has been a posthumous award; the Collar of the order was last awarded, posthumously, to former Prime Minister Reijirō Wakatsuki in June 1975. The most recent posthumous award of the Grand Cordon was to --- in July 2006. Currently, Yasuhiro Nakasone is the only living former Prime Minister to hold the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum, which he received in 1997.
Since the 1920s, Prime Ministers have typically been conferred the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun, or the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers (until 2003 a special higher class of the Order of the Rising Sun), depending on tenure and eminence. However, honours may be withheld due to misconduct or refusal on the part of the Prime Minister.
Lists of Teiko Premier
Available Upon Request