|The Republic Of New Terrance
|Motto: Life • Liberty • Property|
|Anthem: Together As One|
and largest city
|Time zone||AUT +7, AUT +8, AUT +9|
New Terrance, officially the Republic Of New Terrance is an Althenian country on Continent of Carreon. New Terrance borders with Quechina to its north; Venland, Bovina, and Mintonae to its west; and Oinaeos, a providence of Greator Morsco, to its west.
At [**] square miles (** sq ki), New Terrance is the first largest country on Carreon by area, with a total population of about 25,682,100. New Terrance has a population density of [**] inhabitants per square mile (** /sq ki) with the population mostly concentrated to the western half of the country. About 85% of the population live in urban areas. New Terrance's capital city is Jordtown, which is also the largest city.
The founding of Jordtown in 1635 gave way to a revolt upon the Greater Morsco government . It wasnt until 19th century that New Terrance emerged as an independent and unified country. The remainder of the 19th century saw much expandion to form The Republic of New Terrance. The republic grew to be one of the great powers of Carreon in the 19th and early 20th century. The eastern half of New Terrance, present-day Venland, was lost in 1809. The last war in which New Terrance was directly involved was in 1814, when New Terrance's by military means forced New Chatam into a personal union. Since then, New Terrance has been at peace, practicing "non-participation in military alliances during peacetime and neutrality during wartime". However, New Terrance has been a member of the United Sovereign Nation of the World since 8 June 2012.
Today, New Terrance is a Federal Republic with a democracy form of government and a highly developed economy. New Terrance has the Adonian's 2nd highest per capita income. In 2011, it ranked 1st in Adonias United Nations' Human Development Index. According to the USNW, it has the third lowest infant mortality rate in Adonia. New Terrance also has the lowest Gini coefficient of all countries (0.23), making it the world's most equal country in terms of income. New Terrance's wealth, however, is distributed much less equally than its income.
New Terrance is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, in which the President of New Terrance is head of state and the Prime Minister of New Terrance is the head of government, and there is a three-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President. Legislative power is vested in the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, Senate and National Legislature. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
New Terrance has a Federalist State structure with 25 sovereign states. Unlike most duel executive systems, the head of state is not purely symbolic. The President is indirectly elected by a state by state proportional Electoral College system. The New Terrance President is tenured to two four years terms.The President hold certain constitutional and implied powers. The President appoints the Prime Minister whom does not have to be the leader of the majority party in the parliament.He or she cannot dismiss the Prime Minister, Parliament can dismiss Prime Minster. However the President is allowed to dissolve the parliament, but only once per year. The President is the Commander in chief. He is also the chairman of the Prime Minsters Cabinet Meetings. The President has the power to veto governmental decrees but not legislation. He or she has the power to delay legislation but not veto it. A main power of the President is the ability to submit referendums to the citizens of New Terrance.Appointment power over the Judicial Branch is vested in the Presidency. Foremost the President is the official representative of New Terrance.
The New Terrance Prime Minister is appointed by the President. Like the President, the Prime Minister serves a four year term. However they are not subject to term limits. The Prime Minister’s also holds certain enumerated and implied powers. This person serves as the Head of Government. The Prime Minister appoints his or her own Cabinet ministers. They are not allowed to hold duel office's. He or she can issue decrees without parliaments vote however the President can veto these decrees. The Prime Ministers hold wide appointment powers and his or her foremost power is control over the Parliaments agenda.
New Terrance has a two house parliament which consists of the Governors, upper-house, and the National Legislature, lower-house. The New Terrance constitution limits the powers of the parliament. National Legislature: There is a 2 round majority-plurality single member district election. If you win the majority in the first round, you win the seat. However if no majority is met a run-off election is held between the candidates who get 12.5% of the votes in that district. Governors: Consists of the Governors of the 25 states. Each state has the power to control the terms of office, however most states have six year term limits. States also have discretion over the election process. Judiciary: The New Terrance has an independent Judiciary. Members of the Judicial Branch are chosen by the President and Parliament. Each member serves 9 year terms. Issues come to them by the President, Prime Minster, or 1/3 of the National Legislature. Most laws pass through the Judiciary for review.