List of Prime Ministers of Okaiken

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Toshiro Kurosawa was appointed on 16 February 2013

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Okaiken, including those of the Empire of Mitoyagi, from when the first Sanese prime minister (in the modern sense), Juichi Miyazaki, took office in 1872, until the present day. The office is currently held by Toshiro Kurosawa.

Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column (administration number) and the second column counts individuals. For example, Shihi Soga, is listed as the 58th individual to hold the office of prime minister, whilst his first cabinet is the 91st since Juichi Miyazaki.

The Prime Ministers under the Mitoyagi Constitution had a mandate from the Emperor. The "electoral mandates" shown are for the lower house of the Imperial Diet that was not constitutionally guaranteed to have any influence on the appointment of the Prime Minister.

Key

Prime Ministers of Mitoyagi (1872-1952)

Prime Ministers during the Saito Era

under the Saito Emperor

Prime Minister Term of office Government Political Party Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office
1 Juichi Miyazaki.jpg Juichi Miyazaki
宮崎 寿一
Miyazaki Juichi
(1831-1902)
22 January 1872 3 July 1875 1. Miyazaki I None
The first Prime Minister of the Empire of Mitoyagi.
2 Sho Konoe.jpg Shō Konoe
翔近 衛
Konoe Shō
(1830-1896)
3 July 1875 15 March 1881 2. Shō None
Oversaw promulgation of the Mitoyagi Constitution. Failed to secure revision of the unequal treaties; resigned.
Togama Kōno.jpg Toshiyuki Taguchi
田口 敏之
Taguchi Toshiyuki
(1839-1892)
15 March 1881 23 August 1881 Taguchi (Interim) None
Upon the resignation of Konoe’s government, the Emperor only accepted Konoe’s resignation and invited Taguchi to head the government for five more months. Today, however, Taguchi’s government is generally regarded as a continuation of Konoe’s. Held concurrently by the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.
3 Nobuaki Makino in later years.jpg Enoki Kanezane
榎兼 実
Kanezane Enoki
(1838-1923)
23 August 1881 5 September 1889 3. Kanezane I None 1881
1883
1887
4 Mitsunari Taku.jpg Mitsunari Taku
光 成卓
Taku Mitsunari
(1835-1924)
5 September 1889 12 December 1890 4. Taku I None 1889
(1) Juichi Miyazaki.jpg Juichi Miyazaki
宮崎 寿一
Miyazaki Juichi
(1831-1902)
12 December 1890 23 October 1892 5. Miyazaki II None 1891
Resigned.
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Kuroda Kiyotaka (黑田 清隆 Kuroda Kiyotaka) was the Acting Prime Minister.
(4) Mitsunari Taku.jpg Mitsunari Taku
光 成卓
Taku Mitsunari
(1835-1924)
10 January 1893 2 October 1896 6. Taku II None 1893
(1) Juichi Miyazaki.jpg Juichi Miyazaki
宮崎 寿一
Miyazaki Juichi
(1831-1902)
2 October 1896 3 March 1898 7. Miyazaki III None 1896
5 Tadakatsu Utsumi.JPG Ryuichi Koyanagi
小柳 龍一
Koyanagi Ryūichi
(1841-1922)
3 March 1898 4 September 1898 8. Koyanagi I Kenseitō 1898
Resigned 4 September 1898.
(3) Nobuaki Makino in later years.jpg Enoki Kanezane
榎兼 実
Kanezane Enoki
(1838-1923)
4 September 1898 5 September 1900 9. Kanezane II None
(1) Juichi Miyazaki.jpg Juichi Miyazaki
宮崎 寿一
Miyazaki Juichi
(1831-1902)
5 September 1900 12 October 1902 10. Miyazaki IV Rikken Seiyūkai 1900
Assassinated in Office 12 October 1902.
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Saionji Kinmochi (西園寺 公望 Saionji Kinmochi) was the Acting Prime Minister.
6 Toki Hira.jpg Toki Hira
比良 土岐
Hira Toki
(1848-1913)
16 July 1903 11 January 1904 11. Hira I None 1903
7 Saionji Kinmochi.jpg Kinmochi Saionji
西園寺 公望
Saionji Kinmochi
(1849-1940)
11 January 1904 2 November 1905 12. Saionji I Rikken Seiyūkai 1904
(6) Toki Hira.jpg Toki Hira
比良 土岐
Hira Toki
(1848-1913)
2 November 1905 18 April 1907 13. Hira II None 1905
(7) Saionji Kinmochi.jpg Kinmochi Saionji
西園寺 公望
Saionji Kinmochi
(1849-1940)
18 April 1907 15 March 1908 14. Saionji II Rikken Seiyūkai 1907

Prime Ministers during the Go-Shoko

under the Go-Shoko Emperor

Prime Minister Term of office Government Political Party Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office
(6) Toki Hira.jpg Toki Hira
比良 土岐
Hira Toki
(1848-1913)
15 March 1908 16 May 1908 15. Hira III None 1908
8 Matsuoka Seinosuke.jpg Seinosuke Matsuoka
松岡 诚之助
Matsuoka Seinosuke
(1855-1934)
16 May 1908 12 August 1911 16. Matsuoka I Military (Army)
(5) Tadakatsu Utsumi.JPG Ryuichi Koyanagi
小柳 龍一
Koyanagi Ryūichi
(1841-1922)
12 August 1911 17 February 1913 17. Koyanagi II Kenseitō 1911
9 Masuko Reijiro.jpg Reijiro Masuko
増子 例白
Masuko Reijiro
(1852-1919)
17 February 1913 18 December 1916 18. Masuko Military (Navy) 1913
10 Mihashi Kenzan.jpg Kenzan Mihashi
三橋 見参
Mihashi Kenzan
(1857-1922)
18 December 1916 1 August 1922 19. Mihashi Rikken Seiyūkai 1916
Assassinated 1 August 1922.
During this interval, Foreign Minister Uchida Kosai (内田 康哉 Uchida Kōsai) was the Acting Prime Minister.
11 Takahashi korekiyo giving an address cropped.jpg Takahashi Korekiyo
高橋 是清
Takahashi Korekiyo
(1854–1936)
1 August 1922 21 November 1923 20. Takahashi Rikken Seiyūkai
12 Kinoshita Takanibu.jpg Takanibu Kinoshita
木下 高二部
Kinoshita Takanibu
(1863-1925)
21 November 1923 19 May 1925 21. Kinoshita Military (Navy) 1923
Died in office 19 May 1923 due to natural causes.
During this interval, Foreign Minister Uchida Kosai (内田 康哉 Uchida Kōsai) was the Acting Prime Minister.
(8) Matsuoka Seinosuke.jpg Seinosuke Matsuoka
松岡 诚之助
Matsuoka Seinosuke
(1855-1934)
17 August 1925 6 October 1927 22. Matsuoka II Military (Army)
13 Ashikaga Masaharu.jpg Masaharu Ashikaga
足利 雅治
Ashikaga Masaharu
(1869-1941)
6 October 1927 24 May 1932 23. Ashikaga None 1927
1930
14 Takaaki Kato suit.jpg Takaaki Katō
加藤 高明
Katō Takaaki
(1860–1933)
24 May 1932 17 September 1932 24. Katō Kenseikai
22 October 1932 5 April 1933
Resigned after the “Grand Coalition of the Three Pro-Constitution Parties” collapsed. Katō was then reinvited by the Prince Regent to form a new government with his own party, Kenseitō. Today, however, his second term is generally regarded as continuation of his first. Died in office of natural causes.
During this interval, Interior Minister Wakatsuki Reijirō (若槻 禮次郎 Wakatsuki Reijirō) was the Acting Prime Minister.
15 Reijiro Wakatsuki posing cropped.jpg Reijirō Wakatsuki
若槻 禮次郎
Wakatsuki Reijirō
(1867–1950)
10 September 1933 11 November 1937 25. Wakatsuki I Kenseikai 1933
1935

Prime Ministers during the Kyōwa Era

under the Wakayama Emperor

Prime Minister Term of office Government Political Party Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office
16 Giichi Tanaka posing cropped.jpg Tokuma Ishimoto
比良 土岐
Ishimoto Tokuma
(1866-1951)
11 November 1937 2 August 1939 26. Ishimoto T. None 1937
Incapacitated due to serious wound from assassination plot on 14 November 1938. Foreign Minister Shidehara Kijūrō served as Deputy Prime Minister until Ishimoto's return to the office on 10 March 1939.
17 Osachi Hamaguchi posing cropped.jpg Shishido Hayashi
林 宍戸
Hayashi Shishido
(1869-1939)
2 August 1939 2 October 1939 27. Hayashi Rikken Minseitō
Assassinated in the 2 October Incident.
(15) Reijiro Wakatsuki posing cropped.jpg Reijirō Wakatsuki
若槻 禮次郎
Wakatsuki Reijirō
(1867-1950)
2 October 1939 25 December 1939 28. Wakatsuki II Rikken Menseitō
19 Ryutaro nagai.jpg Matsu Noba
野場 松
Noba Matsu
(1879-1940)
25 December 1939 7 July 1940 29. Noba Military (Navy) 1939
Assassinated in the 7 July Incident.
During this interval, Finance Minister Tokuma Ishimoto (比良 土岐 Ishimoto) was the Acting Prime Minister.
20 Fumio Gotō 1924-28.jpg Fumio Gotō
後藤 文夫
Gotō Fumio
(1884-1959)
14 September 1940 8 October 1942 30. Gotō None
21 Abo Kiyokazu.jpg Kiyokazu Abo
安保 清種
Abo Kiyokazu
(1893–1976)
8 October 1942 17 March 1943 31. Abo None 1942
(15) Reijiro Wakatsuki posing cropped.jpg Reijirō Wakatsuki
若槻 禮次郎
Wakatsuki Reijirō
(1867-1950)
17 March 1943 11 September 1945 32. Wakatsuki III Rikken Menseitō 1943
23 Makoto Saito 2.jpg Makoto Saitō
齋藤 實
Saitō Makoto
(1889-1952)
11 September 1945 14 October 1946 33. Saitō Rikken Menseitō
24 Kohki Hirota suit cropped.jpg Kōki Hirota
廣田 弘毅
Hirota Kōki
(1887-1953)
14 October 1946 16 June 1949 34. Hirota Kō. Taisei Yokusankai 1946
1948
25 Kiichiro Hiranuma.jpg Kiichiro Hiranuma
廣田 弘毅
Hiranuma Kiichiro
(1874-1953)
16 June 1949 11 October 1951 35. Hiranuma Taisei Yokusankai 1950
Resigned.
26 Kantaro Suzuki suit cropped.jpg Tago Shōka
唱歌久邇宮 多胡 王
Shōka kunomiya Tago ō
(1894–1985)
11 October 1951 10 October 1953 36. Shōka Imperial Family

Prime Ministers of the State of Mitoyagi (1952-1968)

Prime Ministers during the Kyōwa Era

under the Wakayama Emperor

Prime Minister Term of office Government Political Party Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office
27 Kijuro Shidehara.jpg Murenori Mitsui
三井 群糊
Mitsui Murenori
(1880-1974)
11 October 1953 7 December 1954 37. Mitsui Progressive Party
Shinpotō
1953
Under the Allied Occupation. The first Prime Minister and the first Progressive to serve as Prime Minister of Okaiken. Member of Diet from 1930 to 1963. Formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party and the Socialist Party.
28 HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni.jpg Fumihiro Takanaka
田中 文博
Tanaka Fumihiro
(1884-1959)
7 December 1954 11 January 1956 38. Takanaka Progressive Party
Shinpotō
29 Hatoyama Ichirō.jpg Ichirō Hatoyama
鳩山 一郎
Hatoyama Ichirō
(1895-1970)
12 January 1956 18 November 1958 39. Hatoyama Democratic Party
Minshutō
1956

Prime Ministers during the Jutsu Era

under Emperor Masahito

Prime Minister Term of office Government Political Party Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office
30 Tanzan Ishibashi.jpg Kagetora Ishimoto
石本 影虎
Ishimoto Kagetora
(1902-1995)

Rep for Sasedo 3rd
18 November 1958 12 October 1960 40. Ishimoto K. Democratic Party
Minshutō
1958
31 Takeo Miki Small.jpg Tadayama Ishida
石田 忠山
Ishida Tadayama
(1902-1989)

Rep for Fukushima 1st
13 October 1960 11 June 1961 41. Ishida Democratic Party
Minshutō
1960
32 Honda Tadashige.jpg Tadashige Honda
本多 忠重
Honda Tadashige
(1911-2003)
Rep for Toyoshi
11 June 1961 28 August 1963 42. Honda T. I Progressive Party
Shinpotō
1961
1963
29 August 1963 14 October 1964 43. Honda T. II
PPO-DPO
Leader of the Honda clan, a prominent family that controlled Mitoyagi from 1605 until 1871 when his grandfather, Honda Yoshinobu, was ousted from power by the Saito Emperor.
33 Yoshitsuna Ohno.jpg Yoshimizu Ohno
大野 吉水
Ōno Yoshimizu
(1908-1991)
Rep for Miyagi at large
15 October 1964 11 December 1965 44. Ōno I Democratic Party
Minshutō
1964
12 December 1965 8 August 1966 45. Ōno II
Defeated in the 1966 House of Commoners election by the Sanese Socialist Party amid voter fraud allegations by the Democratic Party which became the catalyst for the Quiet Revolution of 1968.
34 Kusaka Genzui.jpg Genzui Kusaka
久坂 玄随
Kusaka Genzui
(1911-1986)
Rep for Iwate 2nd
8 August 1966 9 October 1967 46. Kusaka I Socialist
Shakaitō
1966
10 October 1967 6 June 1968 47. Kusaka II
Toppled in the Quiet Revolution of 1968.

Prime Ministers of the Federal Republic of Okaiken (1968-2011)

Prime Minister Term of office Government Political Party Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office
(31) Yoshitsuna Ohno.jpg Yoshimizu Ohno
大野 吉水
Ōno Yoshimizu
(1908-1991)
Rep for Miyagi at large
12 August 1968 17 October 1969 47. Ōno III
(Reshuffle)
RPO
Republican
Kyōwatō
1968
1969
17 October 1969 19 July 1970 48. Ōno IV
(Reshuffle)
RPO
Oversaw the transition of Mitoyagi into a Federal Republic. Cabinet drafted the 1970 Okaiken Constitution that allowed the transition of Okaiken into a Federal Republic; The Jutsu Emperor was stripped of all imperial assets and a new agency, the Imperial Assets agency was established. Resigned 1970 due to huge backlash by the supporters of the Imperial Family.






33
Yasuhiro Nakasone in Andrews cropped.jpg Yasuhiro Nakasone
中曽根 康弘
Nakasone Yasuhiro
(1931-)
Rep for Ishijima 3rd
19 July 1970 28 July 1973 49. Nakasone I
(Reshuffle)
RPO
Republican
Kyōwatō
1970
1973
1977
28 July 1973 14 July 1977 50. Nakasone II
(Reshuffle)
RPO
14 July 1977 8 October 1977 51. Nakasone III
(Reshuffle I • II)
LDP
LDP
Jimintō
Longest tenure for the Premiership. In 1971, he restored the Emperor as the "symbol of the Sanese identity" but stopped short of declaring him the head of state of Okaiken. Served as Minister of the Interior (1968-1971, 1977-1982, 1994-1995, 2001-2002, 2008-2015). Member of the Diet from 1964 to 2015, the longest of any Representatives of the House of Commoners.
34 Suzuki Zenko small.jpg Takeo Fukuda
福田 赳夫
Fukuda Takeo
(1906-1997)
Rep for Ishiwara at large
8 October 1977 15 August 1978 52. Fukuda T. I
LDP
LDP
Jimintō
1978
15 August 1978 12 May 1979 53. Fukuda T. II
(Reshuffle I • II)
LDP
35 Sosuke Uno 1977.png Tsutomu Hata
羽田 孜
Hata Tsutomu
(1919-)
Rep for Tochigi at large
12 May 1979 15 August 1980 54. Hata
LDP-ONP
LDP
Jimintō
1980
36 Takeo Fukuda 1977.jpg Junichiro Okazaki
岡崎 純一郎
Okazaki Jun'ichirō
(1905-1995)
Rep for Ogasawara at large
15 August 1980 17 January 1982 55. Okazaki
LDP-ONP-NTD
LDP
Jimintō
Okazaki is the first Sanese Prime Minister from the Ogasawara Prefecture. Oversaw the privatization of the Sanese Expressway System; the abolition of trade tariffs with Peilan and Kwangju; and the establishment of the Sanese International Cooperation Organization (SICO).
37 Aiichiro Fujiyama.jpg Naoto Emi
江見 直人
Emi Naoto
(1921-1991)
Rep for Mie 3rd
17 January 1982 14 July 1984 56. Emi I
LDP-ONP-NTD
LDP
Jimintō
1982
1986
14 July 1984 1 December 1987 57. Emi II
(Reshuffle I • II)
LDP-ONP
38 Zentaro Kosaka.jpg Masazumi Kato
加藤 正純
Katō Masazumi
(1925-)
Rep for Aizawa 2nd
1 December 1987 8 June 1988 58. Katō M. I
LDP-ONP
LDP
Jimintō
1988
9 June 1988 11 August 1989 59. Katō M. II
(Reshuffle)
LDP-ONP
39 Toshio Kimura.jpg Kentaro Tokuyama
徳山 健太郎
Tokuyama Kentarō
(1923-)
Rep for Shimabara 4th
11 August 1989 5 April 1990 60. Tokuyama I
(Reshuffle)
LDP-ONP-OPP
LDP
Jimintō
1989
5 April 1990 7 October 1990 61. Tokuyama II
LDP-OPP
40 Sunao Sonoda, Jul. 1979 (3).jpg Hideaki Fujio
藤尾 秀秋
Fujio Hideaki
(1928-1999)
Rep for Kochi 1st
7 October 1990 26 November 1990 62. Fujio
LDP-ONP-NTD-SNP-PPO
LDP
Jimintō
41 Shintarō Abe cropped.jpg Shigehara Honda
本多 重原
Honda Shigehara
(1936-)
Rep for Noto 1st
26 November 1990 28 March 1991 63. Honda S. I
PPO-OSP-DAPO-Komeitō-NTD-SDPO
Progressive
Shinpotō
1990
42 Yōhei Kōno cropped.jpg Masaaki Fukuda
福田 昌昭
Fukuda Masaaki
(1939-)
Rep for Kagami 1st
28 March 1991 27 June 1991 64. Fukuda M.
Komeitō-OSP-DAPO-PPO-NTD-SDPO
Komeitō
Komeitō
43 Michio Watanabe 1993.jpg Michio Watanabe
福田 昌昭
Watanabe Michio
(1940-2008)
Rep for Toyozawa 2nd
28 March 1991 27 June 1991 65. Watanabe
ONP-PPO-OSP-DAPO-Komeitō-NTD-SDPO
ONP
Okaiken Shintō
(41) Shintarō Abe cropped.jpg Shigehara Honda
本多 重原
Honda Shigehara
(1936-)
Rep for Noto 1st
27 June 1991 8 February 1993 66. Honda S. II
reshuffle
PPO-ONP-Komeitō-NTD
Progressive
Shinpotō
44 Shizuka Kamei.jpg Isao Tomita
富田 功
Tomita Isao
(1934-)
Rep for Akita 2nd
8 February 1993 4 July 1994 67. Tomita I
(Reshuffle)
LDP-PPO-NTD
LDP
Jimintō
1993
5 July 1994 25 August 1995 68. Tomita II
LDP-PPO-NTD
45 Banri Kaieda (2011).jpg Banri Kaieda
海江田 万里
Kaieda Banri
(1949-)
Rep for Okami 3rd
25 August 1995 7 November 1995 69. Kaieda I
LDP-PPO-NTD
LDP
Jimintō
1995
7 November 1995 11 March 1998 70. Kaieda II
(Reshuffle)
LDP-PPO-NTD
47 Katsuya Okada (2010).jpg Katsuya Okada
岡田 勝也
Okada Katsuya
(1944-)
Rep for Gunma 1st
11 March 1998 5 October 2001 71. Okada I
LDP-PPO-NTD
LDP
Jimintō
1999
2001
5 October 2001 8 March 2003 72. Okada II
(Reshuffle)
LDP-ONP
48 Yoshito Sengoku - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2010.jpg Yoshito Sengoku
仙谷 由人
Sengoku Yoshito
(1946-)
Rep for Tochigi 2nd
8 March 2003 8 March 2006 73. Sengoku
LDP-ONP
LDP
Jimintō
2003
49 Aso Taro 1-2.jpg Kenshin Hirota
廣田 謙信
Hirota Kenshin
(1938-)
Rep for Okami 1st
8 March 2006 18 October 2009 74. Hirota Ke.
(Reshuffle (I • II)
LDP-ONP
LDP
Jimintō
2006
Son of Hirota Kōki. His election to premiership caused widespread outrage in Eastern Althena due to the war crimes committed by his father's government. Nevertheless, his government's acceptance of the war crimes committed and the issuance of the most apology statements led to the creation of Okaiken's first Truth and Reconciliation Commission regarding the Great Adonian War.
50 Hashimoto Ryūtarō.jpg Saseda Taro
太郎 佐瀬打
Tarō Saseda
(1948-)
Rep for Iwate 2nd
18 October 2009 9 January 2011 75. Taro
(Reshuffle (I • II)
LDP-ONP
LDP
Jimintō
2009
Last Prime Minister before the Second Imperial Restoration. Resigned due to health reasons. Served as the Deputy Prime Minister (2004-2009), Minister of Defence (2001-2004;2009-2010) as well as the Minister of the Interior (2002).

Prime Ministers of the Imperial Kingdom of Okaiken (2011-)

under Emperor Masahito

Prime Minister Term of office Government Political Party Elected
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office
51 Tadagutsu Jobei.png Tadagutsu Jobei
状米 唯靴
Jōbei Tadagutsu
(1946-)
Rep for Okami 2nd
9 January 2011 10 August 2012 76. Jobei
Reshuffle (I • II • III)
LDP-NKP
LDP
Jimintō
2011
Oversaw the entry of Okaiken in the USNW as well as the Jutsu Restoration. Resigned amid the situation with Kwangju. Member of the Diet since 1990.
52 Sasuke Gemba.jpg Sasuke Gemba
現場 佐助
Genba Sasuke
(1955-2013)
Rep for Saitama 1st
10 August 2012 15 February 2013 77. Gemba
Reshuffle (I • II)
LDP-NKP
LDP
Jimintō
Served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs (2010-2012). Committed Suicide 15 February 2013 due to low approval rating and the handling of the Sanese Economy.
53 Kurosawa.png Toshiro Kurosawa
黒澤 敏郎
Kurosawa Toshirō
(1985-)
Rep for Miyagi 3rd
16 February 2013 78. Kurosawa
LDP-NKP
LDP
Jimintō
2013
The Current Prime Minister of Okaiken. Succeeded Sasuke Gemba after the latter committed suicide. Served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Okaiken (2012-2013) and the Minister of Infrastructure (2010-2013). Currently serving as the Youngest Prime Minister of Okaiken and the Youngest Democratically Elected World Leader. Member of the Diet since 2010.

Timeline

Notes and references

See Also

External Links

Office of the Prime Minister of Okaiken