|Motto: "Paix, Vigilance, Honneur."|
|Anthem: "La Marche des Anciens"|
Fraesia's location in Euphemia
and largest city
|Ethnic groups||Fraesian 95%
|-||Vice President||Jean Lavallée|
|Independence from Etrusque and Acadia|
|-||From Etrusque||September 4, 1843|
|-||North-South Split||June 24, 2012|
|-||Federated Acadian Territory||August 2, 2012|
|-||Independence||January 1, 2013|
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|Drives on the||right|
The Fraesian Republic (Etruscan: République Fraesienne), commonly referred to as Fraesia (Etruscan: Fraesie) (ET: /fʁɛːzi/; TR: /frɑːeɪziːɑː/), is a nation in central Euphemia. Fraesia borders the Ivouixkaw Federation and Lake Mackenzie to the north, Acadia to the east, Esdikkom to the south, and Folland to the west. Fraesia is a federal republic consisting of nine provinces. Fraesia was an Etruscan colony until 1843 when the Fraesians declared their independence. During the 1930's, Fraesia entered a period of economical and governmental decline. Fraesia remained neutral during the Great Adonian War, but exported industrial goods and mostly agricultural products and raw material to Acadia and Shayden, supporting the allies. During the post-war, Fraesia opened its economy to foreign investments and many Acadian companies invested in Fraesia. A series of authoritarian anti-communist governments took power during the post-war period. In 1992, Daniel Arsenault became President and started social policies to improve labor condition and increase the quality of life of the Fraesian citizens. He was assassinated in 1993. In 1994, Jean Vacarme became President and started a firm campaign on militarization with a strong Anti-Acadian agenda. In 2012, Acadia invaded the Fraesian Confederacy after the Confederacy launched drone attacks on the Acadian Federation in an attempt to weaken the Federation. Their ultimate goal was to annex back the Acadian state of New Fraesia. In 2013, Acadia installed a new government in Fraesia, the government it has today.
Fraesia's capital is Fraesia City, located near Lake Mackenzie. With a population of around 9.1 million inhabitants, Fraesia holds rich and open, fertile land with an abundant amount of fresh water. Currently Fraesia has a neutral policy, but an alliance with neighboring Acadian Federation. Fraesia's official language is Etruscan and the official currency is the Sents, but without any power on managing the currency.
The name "Fraesia" comes from the name given to a native tribe located on the shores of Lake Mackenzie by Etruscan explorers. The name originally referred specifically to the area around southwestern Lake Mackenzie. When Fraesia was incorporated as an Etruscan colony in 1612, its official name became "Fraesia". After independence from Etrusque, its official name was "The Fraesian Confederacy", but this changed after the 2013 constitution to "The Fraesian Republic".
A period of political and economic instability in the mid-to-late-19th century weakened Fraesia. In addition, during the War of the West (1891–95), Acadia occupied vast territories rich in natural resources in the East of Fraesia, populated by Fraesian population. Acadia took control of today's state of New Fraesia and thus the Fraesian sea access. Thus, since independence, Fraesia has lost over half of its territory to neighboring countries. It also lost the province of Vidar, in the Vidar War; important because this region was known for its agriculture production. Peasants and the Fraesian army fought briefly but after a few victories, and facing the prospect of a total war against Folland, it was forced to sign the Treaty of Saint Nors in 1903, in which Fraesia lost this rich territory.
Following these loss of territories, the Fraesian people started to develop a stronger nationalist sentiment. Under the auspices of the Catholic Church and the political action of Henri Bourassa developed various symbols of national pride. Besides Carillon Sacré-Coeur, many popular organizations devoted affirmation of the Fraesian people, namely, in particular, the cooperative credit union movement Desjardins in 1900, the Catholic Association of Fraesian youth in 1904, the Congress of the Etruscan language in 1912, the human Rights League of the Fraesian in 1913, the daily Catholic Action in 1915, the monthly magazine L'Action nationale in 1917, the Order of Jacques Cartier in 1926, the Union Nationale political party in 1935, the Bloc Populaire in 1942 among others.
At that time, the ubiquity of the Church manifested undoubtedly across the Confederacy. Defined by ecclesiastical authority, "the purpose of the clerical-nationalist then was to promote the values of traditional society: family, the Etruscan language, the Catholic religion and rural life. These values are transmitted by means of La Bonne Chanson and the novel of the soil, while the main forces evoked relied upon by the ideology of the Fraesian survival". But it goes without saying that the squad should also contain morals deviant ecclesial order, including the most prominent shelters were probably the Fraesia City cabarets, symbols of a clandestine life defying Prohibition.
1930s recession and post-GAW
From 1929 to 1946, Fraesia experienced, the worst economic crisis of its modern times. It was only with the outbreak of the Great Adonian War that the Fraesian economy found prosperity and even reaches full employment. From 1946 to 1962, Fraesia will experience economic growth as it had never known. By its size and durability, this era of sudden prosperity contrasted with the difficult years of the economic crisis. From 1946 to 1962, the value of manufacturing production increased by 168%, while the gross national product of Fraesia had increase by 45% between 1956 and 1964. Thereafter, the economy would oscillate by the usual rate of four-year cycles.
The governments in power from the early 20th century to the end of the century were widely anti-communist and pro-employer. Fraesians were considered for most of the 20th century as cheap labor for Acadian, Shaydian and Follandian companies. The Catholic Church had an increased presence in education and health of the Fraesian society. In the 1970s, a campaign of secularization began with protests, but was easily repressed by the central government. A mostly agrarian society, Fraesia became more and more industrial with cities like Fraesia City growing to over 1 million inhabitants. Though having a weak central government, Fraesia had a very strong national movement through the Catholic religion and its social values. n 1992, Daniel Arsenault became President and started social policies to improve labor condition and increase the quality of life of the Fraesian citizens. He initiated the complete secularization of Fraesia, which was widely encouraged in the rest of Adonia. He was assassinated in 1993 by Catholic extremists. In 1994, Jean Vacarme became President and started a firm campaign on militarization with a strong Anti-Acadian agenda. His social policies followed Arsenault's, with complete secularization of the government, but keeping the Catholic faith as the official religion of Fraesia. Vacarme, a right-wing nationalist, sought to improve Fraesia's economy while removing Acadian monopoly over Fraesian industry. He encouraged Follandian investments in the country, and Follandian co-operation over Acadian, downgrading relations with the latter. He ruled Fraesia with a strong hand, often considered a dictator by exiled Fraesians in Gaspesia and other countries, until his death in 2007.
After Jean Varcame's death, his son, Jacques Varcame, became his successor in 2008. Jacques Varcame was considered to have even stronger "anti-Acadian" opinions. Under him, Fraesia's economy began to focus on military research - presumably his objective was to acquire a nuclear weapon. Acadian spy planes discovered an abundant amount of drones stationed near the border. On June 6, 2012, Fraesian drones were ordered to attack the Acadian cities of Troy, New Stretton, Genoa, and Davis. All were intercepted by the Acadian Air Force, except for Davis. The AIA proved the Fraesian Confederacy was behind the attacks, and the Acadian Federal Council subsequently declared war on the Confederacy. During the course of the war, control over Fraesia changed many times, until it was split on June 24, 2012. Acadia controlled the South while Varcame controlled the North. On July 27, Varcame was captured by the AIA. North Fraesia became extremely weak without their leader, and accepted an armistice deal with Acadia. Acadia now had full control over Fraesia, leading to the Dead War.
After the armistice, Fraesia became a Federated Acadian Territory, enforced by the Sovereignty Act. President Johnson introduced a reconstruction plan for "The State of Fraesia". Schools, homes, and the government were to be rebuilt at the expense of the Acadian Government and war reparations from Fraesia. The new government was finalized on January 1, 2013, when it became officially independent from Acadia and ended the Fraesian War.
2013 Folland invasion
On the argument of "protecting Folland's national security", Folland breached Fraesian air space and violated its sovereignty in November 2013 by occupying transportation networks in the west of the country, mainly airports. No casualties were reported during the invasion, however. This invasion prompted international sanctions against Folland. Not wanting to start a war, Acadia remained relatively away from the crisis, although the whole crisis made Folland leave the Euphemian Bloc. This action from Folland resulted in a risk of war, as the Euphemian Bloc was created after the Dead War to stabilize Euphemia and the region. Sinope was the most open critique of Folland's action and advocated an international lawsuit against Folland. Although the lawsuit was favored by the political opposition in Fraesia, the government in power, Acadia-backed, didn't want any lawsuit, fearing a war and more economic instability. Sinope cut all diplomatic relations with Folland in the end of 2013, while the crisis stabilized with the resignation of Folland's Chancellor Moen.
The first free election since the Dead War will be conducted in May 2014. The Mouvement Fraesien (MF) and its leader Pierre Bourgault are leading the most recent polls. However, Acadia-backed incumbent Liberal Party, is not far behind. Bourgault's campaign focused on the national pride of Fraesia and the end of imperialist agenda in Fraesia with complete independence and the rise of social condition. Labelled as a "socialist" by right-wing media in Fraesia and Acadia, Bourgault is also labelled as a "fascist" by the Folland mainstream press. President Édouard Deserres called Bourgault an "extremist" and accused him to have links with Sinope's YAK and being financed by them. The MF was investigated in February 2014 for illegal financing, but the Fraesian justice didn't find any evidence against them.