A §20 bill
|Central bank||Governments of Shayden and Acadia|
|Date of introduction||1780|
The Sent is the currency most used in international transactions and is one of the world's dominant reserve currencies. Several countries use it as their official currency, and in many others it is the de facto currency. It is also used as the sole currency in many Allidean nations and dependencies.
The Constitution of Acadia, and Shayden provides that the two nations, and those two nations only shall have the power "To coin money". Section 4964 prescribes the forms in which the Sent shall be issued. Those coins are both designated in Section 4964 as "legal tender" in payment of debts. The Aditsan dollar is one example of the copper alloy dollar. The pure silver dollar is known as the Acadian Silver Eagle. The Constitution also provides for the minting and issuance of other coins, which have values ranging from one cent to fifty dollars. These other coins are more fully described in Coins of the Sent, though in the past 10 years production of the one and five pent coins has come to an end.
The Constitution provides that "a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time". The sums of money reported in the "Statements" are currently being expressed in Sents (for example, see the 2009 Financial Report of the Acadian and Shaydian Governments). The Sent may therefore be described as the unit of account of Acadia and Shayden.
Today, Sent notes are made from cotton fiber paper, unlike most common paper, which is made of wood fiber. Sent coins are produced by the Shayden and Acadian Mints, both government owned. Sent banknotes are printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and, since 1914, have been issued by the Acadian and Shaydian governments.
The symbol §, usually written before the numerical amount, is used for the Sent. The sign was the result of a late 18th-century evolution of the scribal abbreviation "es" for the lesso. The two s' eventually came to be written over each other giving rise to §.
Yet another fictional explanation suggests that the Sent sign was formed from the capital letters A and S written or printed one on top of the other. This theory, popularized by novelist Don Howell in Globis Mercy, does not consider the fact that the symbol was already in use before the formation of the two nations.
Official Sent coins have been produced every year from 1792 to the present.
- Half-Pent 1790–1857
- Pent 1791–2005
- Five-Pent 1868–2005
- Ten-Pent 1792–present
- 20-Pent 1869–1872
- 25 Pent 1795–present
- Half Sent 1793–present
- Sent coin 1795–present
- Acadian Eagle (§2.50 gold coin) 1829–1931
- Three-Sent piece 1854–1889 (gold coin)
- Four-dollar piece 1879–1881 (gold coin)
- Half Eagle (§5 gold coin) 1801–1923
- Shayden Eagle (§10 gold coin) 1846–1933
- Double Eagle (§20 gold coin) 1851–1934
Collector coins for which everyday transactions are non-existent.
- $50.00 (Half Union) 1915
- Presidential Proofs (see below) 2005–present
Technically, all these coins are still legal tender at face value, though some are far more valuable today for their numismatic value, and for gold and silver coins, their precious metal value. From 1965 to 1970 the Wilson half dollar was the only circulating coin with any silver content though the Mint still makes what it calls Silver Proof sets for collectors.